Diagnosis may occur either before or after a child is born. Professor Gianluca Spina • Industry: Household appliances • Sales: 2.7 Bn € (2013) • Main markets: Europe (Western and Eastern) • Margin reduction • Manufacturing offshoring in East Europe, Turkey and China • Source: local suppliers for each plant • Make: own production facilities in Italy, Poland, UK, Russia, Turkey and China (Wuxi). , Further complicating the transition process is the tendency for youths with spina bifida to be delayed in the development of autonomy, with boys particularly at risk for slower development of independence. Milds. Risultati di ricerca per questo autore. Generally, if the hips or shoulders are uneven, or if the spine curves, it is due to scoliosis and should be seen by a doctor. Gianluca Conti; Giuseppe Sansonetti; Alessandro Micarelli; Conference paper. The most common location is the lower back, but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck. Extensive evidence from mouse strains with spina bifida indicates that there is sometimes a genetic basis for the condition. To be specific, the study found that prenatal repair resulted in:  Ultrasound view of the fetal spine at 21 weeks of pregnancy. Spinal disease refers to a condition impairing the backbone. , Individuals with spina bifida, especially those with shunted hydrocephalus, often have attention problems. . , The trial concluded that the outcomes after prenatal spina bifida treatment are improved to the degree that the benefits of the surgery outweigh the maternal risks. , About 15% of people have spina bifida occulta. ", "How many people are affected by or at risk for spina bifida? Feb 5, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Randy Robinson.  The primary tumor has no known cause, although there are possible answers that scientists have researched. The Giessen experience 2010–2012. Causes of meningocele include teratoma and other tumors of the sacrococcyx and of the presacral space, and Currarino syndrome. MMC is a failure of this to occur completely. Discover (and save!) Celebrities Gianluca Pignatelli Net Worth Gianluca Pignatelli Net Worth 2020, Age, Height, Relationships, Married, Dating, Family, Wiki Biography Symptoms may include ambulatory problems, loss of sensation, deformities of the hips, knees or feet, and loss of muscle tone. A systematic review of radiographic research studies found no relationship between spina bifida occulta and back pain. In this type, the involved area is represented by a flattened, plate-like mass of nervous tissue with no overlying membrane.  Symptoms for spinal tumors may vary due to factors such as the type of tumor, the region of the spine, and the health of the patient.  Early intervention to address mathematics difficulties and associated executive functions is crucial.  Occulta has no or only mild signs, which may include a hairy patch, dimple, dark spot or swelling on the back at the site of the gap in the spine. In occulta, the outer part of some of the vertebrae is not completely closed. A Tirrén-tengertől 7,5 kilométerre fekszik az Arno folyó két partján, amelyen több hídja is van, például a Ponte di Mezzo, a Ponte alla Fortezza, a Ponte di Solferino, a Ponte di Ferro vagy a vasúti híd. Pisa (IPA: [' pi:za]; hallgasd) Pisa megye és az érsekség székhelye, az egyik legrégebbi olasz város.  Not having enough folate (vitamin B9) in the diet before and during pregnancy also plays a significant role. Angelo Infanti (Italian pronunciation: [ˈandʒelo infanˈti]; 16 February 1939 – 12 October 2010) was an Italian film actor.He appeared in more than 90 films between 1961 and 2010.  Learning problems are relatively uncommon. In the axial scan the characteristic lemon sign and banana sign are seen. The unusual tissue builds up from abnormal cells that multiply quickly in a specific region. Qui puoi scaricare questo libro in formato PDF gratuitamente senza bisogno di spendere soldi extra.  Symptoms may include bowel and bladder problems, weakness and/or loss of sensation below the level of the lesion, paralysis, or orthopedic issues. In some individuals, this causes significant traction and stress on the spinal cord and can lead to a worsening of associated paralysis, scoliosis, back pain, and worsening bowel and/or bladder function. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. In the majority of cases, though, spina bifida is an isolated malformation. A lot of flexibility exists within the cervical spine and because of that, it is common for an individual to damage that area, especially over a long period of time. However, at age 12 months, one-third (36 percent) of the infants in the prenatal surgery group no longer had any evidence of hindbrain herniation, compared to only 4 percent in the postnatal surgery group.  There are three main types: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele.  As part of the transition process, it is beneficial to begin discussions at an early age about educational and vocational goals, independent living, and community involvement.  Neurons within the cortex may also be displaced. Kohl T, Kawecki A, Degenhardt J, Axt-Fliedner R. "Preoperative sonoanatomic examination of fetal spina bifida permits prediction of surgical complexity during subsequent minimally-invasive fetoscopic closure.  Alcohol misuse can trigger macrocytosis which discards folate.  Individuals with spina bifida have demonstrated stable difficulties with arithmetic accuracy and speed, mathematical problem-solving, and general use and understanding of numbers in everyday life. This blog article gives a good summary of the non-surgical management of spine diseases. Join Facebook to connect with Gianluca Giraldo Medina and others you may know. Children with spina bifida and shunted hydrocephalus have higher rates of ADHD than children without those conditions (31% vs. Plandemic, il piano globale per controllare la nostra vita, libertà e salute.  Urinary catheterization may also be needed.. Symptoms include lower back pain, bladder disturbances, bowel dysfunction, and anesthesia or paresthesia between the thighs.  To the baby, there is the risk of preterm birth.  The most common location is the lower back, but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck. ", "How do health care providers diagnose spina bifida?  Specific areas of difficulty in some individuals include planning, organizing, initiating, and working memory. In order to prevent progressive neurological changes surgery can be a viable option. Normalmente questo libro ti è costato EUR 15,00. Angelo Infanti (Italian pronunciation: [ˈandʒelo infanˈti]; 16 February 1939 – 12 October 2010) was an Italian film actor.He appeared in more than 90 films between 1961 and 2010. One view of OM? You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.  In the United States it affected about 0.7 per 1000 births, and in India about 1.9 per 1000 births. . These techniques may be an option to standard therapy. , In 2012, these results of the fetoscopic approach were presented at various national and international meetings, among them at the 1st European Symposium “Fetal Surgery for Spina bifida“ in April 2012 in Giessen, at the 15th Congress of the German Society for Prenatal Medicine and Obstetrics in May 2012 in Bonn, at the World Congress of the Fetal Medicine Foundation in June 2012 and at the World Congress of the International Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG) in Copenhagen in September 2012, and published in abstract form. Anatomy scan of the fetal head at 20 weeks of pregnancy in a fetus affected by spina bifida. , The corpus callosum is abnormally developed in 70–90% of individuals with spina bifida myelomeningocele; this affects the communication processes between the left and right brain hemispheres. Maria Grazia Spina as Presentatrice; Gianluca Amadio as Sandro; Mauro Bronchi as Fausto; Roberto Palmieri as Gigi; Mimmo Poli as Il salumiere; External links. Salt pagina ufficiale italiana. Kohl T, Kawecki A, Degenhardt J, Axt-Fliedner R, Neubauer B. Illustrated Textbook of Paediatrics (Second Edition). In normal circumstances, the closure of the neural tube occurs around the 23rd (rostral closure) and 27th (caudal closure) day after fertilization. Discover (and save!) , http://blog.shishirspine.com/2020/11/19/no-surgery-back-pain-treatment-before-choosing-surgery/, "Prevalence of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis and its association with physical performance in a population-based cohort in Japan: theWakayama Spine Study", "Introduction: Spina bifida—A multidisciplinary perspective", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spinal_disease&oldid=997867179, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 16:52. , Those who are white or Hispanic have a higher risk. Il gruppo nasce a Busseto nel 1994 con Andrea Cipelli e Gianluca Gambini. The Neuroflibromatosis 2 is a non-cancerous tumor that usually affects the nerves for hearing. Conferenza pubblica a Cesena – 27 giugno 2020, ore 16,30.  The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Public Health Agency of Canada and UK recommended amount of folic acid for women of childbearing age and women planning to become pregnant is at least 0.4 mg/day of folic acid from at least three months before conception, and continued for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The skin at the site of the lesion may be normal, or it may have some hair growing from it; there may be a dimple in the skin, or a birthmark. Although executive functions are often attributed to the frontal lobes of the brain, individuals with spina bifida have intact frontal lobes; therefore, other areas of the brain may be implicated. Sports. Open spina bifida can usually be detected during pregnancy by fetal ultrasound. Myelomeningocele occurs in the third week of embryonic development, during neural tube pore closure. This prevents an estimated 600 to 700 incidents of spina bifida a year in the U.S. and saves $400 - $600 million in healthcare expenses. Degenerative disc disease occurs over time when the discs within each vertebra in the neck begin to fall apart and begin to disintegrate. • Cornamusini, Gianluca; Talarico, Franco M.; Cirilli, Simonetta; Spina, Amalia; Olivetti, Valerio; Woo, Jusun, Upper Paleozoic glacigenic deposits of Gondwana: Stratigraphy and paleoenvironmental significance of a tillite succession in Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica), Sedimentary Geology, Volume 358, p. 51-69. The reported overall incidence of myelomeningocele in the British Isles was 2.0–3.5 cases per 1000 births.  In fact, the cerebellum also tends to be smaller in individuals with spina bifida, especially for those with higher lesion levels.  In India, it affects about 1.9 per 1,000 births. Gianluca Arrighi is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Gianluca Arrighi and others you may know. Individuals with spina bifida may struggle academically, especially in the subjects of mathematics and reading. ", "What are the treatments for spina bifida & related conditions? , Cauda equina syndrome is a rare syndrome that effects the spinal nerves in the region of the lower back called the cauda equine (Latin for "horses tail"). , X-ray image of spina bifida occulta in S-1, X-ray computed tomography scan of unfused arch at C1, Myelomeningocele in the lumbar area(1) External sac with cerebrospinal fluid(2) Spinal cord wedged between the vertebrae. T. Lissauer, G. Clayden. No favorite quotes to show; Favorites. , Many people with this type of spina bifida do not even know they have it, as the condition is asymptomatic in most cases. While traditional public relations and advertising may manage their presentation of facts, "spin" often implies the use of disingenuous, deceptive, and manipulative tactics. During pregnancy, all the fetuses in the trial had hindbrain herniation. The most common and most severe form of Spina Bifida is Myelomeningocele. The second is via fetoscopy. Women who have already had a baby with spina bifida or other type of neural tube defect, or are taking anticonvulsant medication, should take a higher dose of 4–5 mg/day. In affected individuals, the back portion of the brain is displaced from the back of the skull down into the upper neck. Thinner sections of the brain are also associated with increased cortical folding. The macrocytosis of alcoholism usually reverses only after months of abstinence from alcohol", "Spina bifida Risk factors - Mayo Clinic", "Usual folic acid intakes: a modelling exercise assessing changes in the amount of folic acid in foods and supplements, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2008", "Retrospective Assessment of Cost Savings From Prevention: Folic Acid Fortification and Spina Bifida in the U.S.", "Folic Acid - Public Health Agency of Canada", "Medical malpractice: Childbirth, failed to perform AFP test", "Fetal surgery for spina bifida: past, present, future", "Prenatal versus postnatal repair procedures for spina bifida for improving infant and maternal outcomes", "Center for Spina Bifida: Specialists and Services", "Acquisition of autonomy skills in adolescents with myelomeningocele", "Trajectories of autonomy development across the adolescent transition in children with spina bifida", "Psychosocial and family functioning in spina bifida", "Spinal dysraphism: A challenge continued to be faced by neurosurgeons in developing countries", "Trends in postfortification prevalence of spina bifida and ancephaly in the United States", "Background of Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS)", "Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS)", "A Randomized Trial of Prenatal versus Postnatal Repair of Myelomeningocele", "A randomized trial of prenatal versus postnatal repair of myelomeningocele", "Fetal endoscopic myelomeningocele closure preserves segmental neurological function", "Does fetal endoscopic closure of the myelomeningocele prevent loss of neurologic function in spina bifida aperta? Dorsalgia refers to back pain. Opera Australia casts its productions from an ensemble of Australian artists, with regular appearances by international guest artists. Problem-solving, abstraction, and visual planning may also be impaired. Degenhardt J, Schürg R, Kawecki A, Pawlik M, Enzensberger C, Stressig R, Axt-Fliedner R, Kohl T. "Maternal outcome after minimally-invasive fetoscopic surgery for spina bifida. Athletes . Poor ability to walk, problems with bladder or bowel control, 15% (occulta), 0.1–5 per 1000 births (others). , Myelomeningocele (MMC), also known as meningomyelocele, is the type of spina bifida that often results in the most severe complications and affects the meninges and nerves. Because each vertebra can cause pain in different areas of the body, the pain from the disease can be sensed in the back, leg, neck area, or even the arms.  Spina bifida cystica can then be broken down into meningocele and myelomeningocele. The MMC-like defect was surgically created at 75 days of gestation (term 145 to 150 days) by a lumbo-sacral. Medical imaging can confirm the diagnosis after birth. Spinelli is an Italian surname. , A posterior meningocele (/mɪˈnɪŋɡəˌsiːl/) or meningeal cyst (/mɪˈnɪndʒiəl/) is the least common form of spina bifida. Newton. This is most common in girls, but there is no specific cause for scoliosis. "Early neurological findings in 20 infants after minimally-invasive fetoscopic surgery for spina bifida at the University of Giessen 2010–2011. Spina bifida is the most common defect impacting the Central Nervous System (CNS). ACN Siena 1904, commonly referred to as Siena, is an Italian football club based in Siena, Tuscany.The club was re-incorporated in 2020 after the bankruptcy of the previous legal person Robur Siena, which itself was the reincarnation of the original club Associazione Calcio Siena S.p.A..A.C. Siena's predecessor was founded in 1904. The main risk appears to be preterm labour, on average at about 33 weeks.  Individuals with spina bifida may have difficulty with writing due to deficits in fine motor control and working memory. He was born on 16 February 1939 in Zagarolo, Italy.He died on 12 October 2010 in Tivoli, Italy due to cardiac arrest. When the spinal canal begins to lose its gap and gets thinner, it can cause pain in the neck, which can also cause a numb feeling in the arms and hands. As a result, thinning of the uterine wall or dehiscence which have been among the most worrisome and criticized complications after the open operative approach do not occur following minimally invasive fetoscopic closure of spina bifida aperta. Back pain is the most common symptom and it can be a problem if the pain is severe, has a time frame that lasts longer than it would for a normal injury, and becomes worse while laying down or at rest. August 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2017.07.002 . This gallery contains 1 item. , Several studies have demonstrated difficulties with executive functions in youth with spina bifida, with greater deficits observed in youth with shunted hydrocephalus. After stopping the drinking of alcohol, a time period of months is needed to rejuvenate bone marrow and recover from the macrocytosis. Zagarolo, Italy. Lo Sport Club Gravina a.d. è la squadra di pallacanestro della città di Gravina di Catania - Sicilia, milita in Serie C Silver, quarto livello del campionato italiano di pallacanestro dopo la soppressione della Serie C. La società è stata fondata nel 1988 da Natale De Fino che a tutt'oggi ricopre il ruolo di Presidente. Healthcare professionals working with adults may also be less knowledgeable about spina bifida because it is considered a childhood chronic health condition. , Individuals with spina bifida tend to have better reading skills than mathematics skills.  Myelomeningocele is also associated with Arnold–Chiari malformation, necessitating a VP shunt placement. There are three main types: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele.  Meningocele typically causes mild problems, with a sac of fluid present at the gap in the spine. Favorite Quotes. Mi chiamo Luca Nali, sono nato a Piombino e per varie vicissitudini abito attualmente a Milano.  Due to the potential difficulties of the transition, adolescents with spina bifida and their families are encouraged to begin to prepare for the transition around ages 14–16, although this may vary depending on the adolescent's cognitive and physical abilities and available family support. The highest incidence rates worldwide were found in Ireland and Wales, where three to four cases of myelomeningocele per 1000 population have been reported during the 1970s, along with more than six cases of anencephaly (both live births and stillbirths) per 1000 population. The first is open fetal surgery, where the uterus is opened and the spina bifida repair performed. This approach has been evaluated by independent authors of a controlled study which showed some benefit in survivors, but others are more skeptical. Vuoi sapere se una notizia su Internet sia vera o falsa? , Most cases of spina bifida can be prevented if the mother gets enough folate before and during pregnancy. Injury to the cauda equine can have long lasting ramifications for the individual. your own Pins on Pinterest  However it is difficult for women to get the recommended 400 micrograms of folic acid a day from unfortified foods. Apr 16, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by James Osborne. This is because, unlike in most of the other neural tube defects, the dural lining is maintained. , In contrast to the open fetal operative approach performed in the MOMS trial, a minimally invasive fetoscopic approach (akin to 'keyhole' surgery) has been developed. Studies show a woman having had one child with a neural tube defect such as spina bifida has about a 3% risk of having another affected child. , Incomplete posterior fusion is not a true spina bifida, and is very rarely of neurological significance. Gianluca Spina (Autore) › Visita la pagina di Gianluca Spina su Amazon. The most common and most severe form of Spina Bifida is Myelomeningocele. He was born on 16 February 1939 in Zagarolo, Italy.He died on 12 October 2010 in Tivoli, Italy due to cardiac arrest.. Infanti is best known to non-Italian audiences as Fabrizio in The Godfather. Video paolosen 30 Giugno 2020 0. One study found that among patients with back pain, severity is worse if spina bifida occulta is present.  Attention deficits may be evident at a very early age, as infants with spina bifida lag behind their peers in orienting to faces..  Myelomeningocele, also known as open spina bifida, is the most severe form. Some other spinal diseases include spinal muscular atrophy, ankylosing spondylitis, lumbar spinal stenosis, spina bifida, spinal tumors, osteoporosis and cauda equina syndrome. your own Pins on Pinterest Individuals with Myelomeningocele are born with an incompletely fused spine, and therefore exposing the spinal cord through an opening in the back. , Toxins and conditions associated with MMC formation include: calcium-channel blockers, carbamazepine, cytochalasins, hyperthermia, and valproic acid. L'Aura, pseudonimo di Laura Abela (Brescia, 13 agosto 1984), è una cantautrice italiana.. Ha debuttato nel mondo della discografia nel 2005 con l'album Okumuki, disco ripubblicato nel marzo 2006 con l'inclusione del brano Irraggiungibile, con il quale la cantante ha partecipato al Festival di Sanremo nella categoria "Giovani".  Children and adults with spina bifida have stronger abilities in reading accuracy than in reading comprehension. For example, frontal regions of the brain tend to be thicker than expected, while posterior and parietal regions are thinner. There is no known cure for nerve damage caused by spina bifida. Reversal of the hindbrain herniation component of the Chiari II malformation, Reduced need for ventricular shunting (a procedure in which a thin tube is introduced into the brain's ventricles to drain fluid and relieve hydrocephalus), Reduced incidence or severity of potentially devastating, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 10:04. Ħoloq esterni. However, dietary supplementation with folic acid has been shown to be helpful in reducing the incidence of spina bifida. 17%). , Broadly, there are two forms of prenatal treatment.  Part of this difference is believed to be due to race, with Caucasians at higher risk, and part due to environmental factors.  Further, children with spina bifida may have poor cognitive flexibility.  Since then, the rate has fallen dramatically with 0.15 per 1000 live births reported in 1998, though this decline is partially accounted for because some fetuses are aborted when tests show signs of spina bifida (see Pregnancy screening above).  Ultrasound examination may also detect the problem. ACN Siena 1904, commonly referred to as Siena, is an Italian football club based in Siena, Tuscany.The club was re-incorporated in 2020 after the bankruptcy of the previous legal person Robur Siena, which itself was the reincarnation of the original club Associazione Calcio Siena S.p.A..A.C. Siena's predecessor was founded in 1904. Other symptoms include impaired walking and a slightly stooped posture due to loss of disc height and bulging of the disc.  It is most common in the Celtic people (12.5 per 10,000 live births), and it is rare in Asians and people of African descent. , The spinal cord lesion or the scarring due to surgery may result in a tethered spinal cord. http://blog.shishirspine.com/2020/11/19/no-surgery-back-pain-treatment-before-choosing-surgery/, Spina bifida is the most common defect impacting the Central Nervous System (CNS). Other symptoms, excluding back pains, are loss of muscle function, loss of bowel or bladder function, pain in the legs, scoliosis, or even unusual sensations in the legs. Gianluca Giraldo Medina is on Facebook. Spinal disease also includes cervical spine diseases, which are diseases in the vertebrae of the neck. Supplementation of the mother's diet with folate can reduce the incidence of neural tube defects by about 70%, and can also decrease the severity of these defects when they occur. As a result, there is usually some degree of paralysis and loss of sensation below the level of the spinal cord defect. Dopo vari cambi di formazione trova stabilità nel 1997 con l'arrivo di Matteo Ferrari e del chitarrista Giuseppe Peveri, che poi abbandonerà il gruppo per intraprendere una carriera da solista con lo pseudonimo di Dente. "Partial carbon dioxide insufflation (PACI) during fetoscopic surgery on 60 fetuses with spina bifida. A transition plan and aid in identifying adult healthcare professionals are also helpful to include in the transition process. Angelo Infanti in Talcum Powder, 1982. The discs between each vertebra have fibers that can begin to deteriorate, and this can occur in cervical disc herniation.  On average, in developed countries, including the United States, it occurs in about 0.4 per 1,000 births.  As of 2014, however, the evidence remains insufficient to determine benefits and harms. These may be classified by their localisation to occipital, frontoethmoidal, or nasal. Sports Teams. 5 Mentions; 488 Downloads; Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1226) Abstract. First Online: 10 July 2020. In this paper, we propose a system for extracting, storing, and analyzing the data provided by three well-known and widespread services available online. Per la rubrica 'La vita oltre il coronavirus' con un grandioso e generossimo Dott.  In addition to brain abnormalities directly related to various academic skills, achievement is likely affected by impaired attentional control and executive functioning.  However, if something interferes and the tube fails to close properly, a neural tube defect will occur.  About 15% of people have spina bifida occulta, and most people are diagnosed incidentally from spinal X-rays. Increased levels of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) should be followed up by two tests – an ultrasound of the fetal spine and amniocentesis of the mother's amniotic fluid (to test for alpha-fetoprotein and acetylcholinesterase). At one year of age, 40 percent of the children in the prenatal surgery group had received a shunt, compared to 83 percent of the children in the postnatal group. Alessandro Florenzi. Born 16 February 1939. Lumbar spinal stenosis is very prevalent with 9.3% of the general population producing symptoms and the number is continuing to rise in patients older than 60. Died: 12 October 2010 (aged 71) Tivoli, Italy. , Fetal surgery after 25 weeks has not shown benefit in subsequent studies. Individuals with Myelomeningocele are born with an incompletely fused spine, and therefore exposing the spinal cord through an opening in the back. There is tentative evidence about treatment for severe disease before delivery while the baby is inside the womb. Great Wikipedia has got greater.. Leo. , Many individuals with spina bifida have an associated abnormality of the cerebellum, called the Arnold Chiari II malformation.  Devices to help with movement such as crutches or wheelchairs may be useful. This conclusion requires a value judgment on the relative value of fetal and maternal outcomes on which opinion is still divided..  To the mother, this includes scarring of the uterus.  Women are discharged home from hospital one week after the procedure. Gianluca Spina (Autore) 4,5 su 5 stelle 38 voti. , The protruding portion of the spinal cord and the nerves that originate at that level of the cord are damaged or not properly developed. 13 janv. , Treatment of spina bifida during pregnancy is not without risk. Also, in the hands of experienced, trained spine experts, the few well selected patients for surgery, often can be operated in a daycare procedure or with minimum length of stay in hospital, with excellent outcomes. The risks of maternal chorioamnionitis or fetal death as a result of the fetoscopic procedure run below 5%. Shunts most commonly drain into the abdomen or chest wall. Standard treatment is surgery after delivery. Bibliografia. Show original; Random article; Angelo Infanti. Endonasal meningoceles lie at the roof of the nasal cavity and may be mistaken for a nasal polyp. As the nervous system remains undamaged, individuals with meningocele are unlikely to suffer long-term health problems, although cases of tethered cord have been reported. The common use of latex in medical facilities makes this a particularly serious concern. Altissima pressione on IMDb; This article related to an Italian film of the 1960s is a stub.  Unlike most other types of neural tube defects, spina bifida occulta is not associated with increased AFP, a common screening tool used to detect neural tube defects in utero. Immigrants from Ireland have a higher incidence of spina bifida than do natives.